MAA Artist Resource

General Category => Impressionist Art => Topic started by: Linda Lovell on October 12, 2019, 02:52:35 PM

Title: The painting techniques that they used
Post by: Linda Lovell on October 12, 2019, 02:52:35 PM
Impressionists strongly emphasized the effects of light in their paintings.
They used short, thick strokes of paint to capture the essence of the object rather than the subject’s details

Quickly applied brush strokes give the painterly illusion of movement and spontaneity.

A thick impasto application of paint means that even reflections on the water’s surface appear as substantial as any object in a scene.

The Impressionists lightened their palettes to include pure, intense colours.

Complementary colours were used for their vibrant contrasts and mutual enhancement when juxtaposed.

Impressionists avoided hard edges by working wet into wet.

The surface of an Impressionist painting is opaque. Impressionists did not use the thin paint films and glazes that were popularized by Renaissance artists.

Impressionists often painted at a time of day when there were long shadows. This technique of painting outdoors helped impressionists better depict the effects of light and emphasize the vibrancy of colours.

They used Optical Mixing rather than mixing on the palette.Broken colour refers to the effect of blending colours optically rather than on the palette, eliminating perfect coverage and smoothly-blended transitions.

The Impressionist painters used layers of colours, leaving gaps in the top layers to reveal the colours underneath. The technique is achieved through hatching, cross-hatching, stippling, dry-brushing, and sgraffito (scratching into the paint). Mixing of brighter colours is done directly on the canvas to aid in creating the broken colour effect and only darker colours are mixed on the palette.

Trying to paint in the impressionists style
following their painting techniques incorporate the key features
Plein-air (outdoor) painting
Subject is landscape, everyday scene or still life of everyday items
Rapid, spontaneous, short, loose brushstrokes
The realistic depiction of the light and shadow of a particular moment, which will change when the light changes
Use opaque paint mixed optically on the canvas in broken colour
Use brighter colours and mix less on the palette
capture that moment by capturing the light of that moment, not the detail