Author Topic: The Beginning Of Impressionism  (Read 101 times)

Offline Linda Lovell

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The Beginning Of Impressionism
« Reply #1 on: September 29, 2019, 01:02:11 PM »
The Impressionist art movement was established in the 1860s, France and represented a radical shift from the realistic academic painting that had dominated the era. Depictions of religious themes and historical subject matter, painted with precise brush strokes and restrained colors were highly valued among the art critics of the time.The movement was led by artists Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, and Frederic Bazille who took their canvases outside and established the practice of plein air painting. Their work coincided with the development of portable paint tubes and box easels.Unlike other artists, who only made sketches outdoors and then continued to work on them in the comfort of their studios, these four artists painted plein air from start to finish, depicting vibrant landscapes and capturing the scenes of everyday life. They painted the world as they saw it - imperfect and in constant change. As a result, their paintings seemed messy and unfinished to other artists at the time.The movement caught public attention in 1874 when Impressionist's artworks were exhibited at now-famous Salon des Refusés, which is French for "exhibition of rejects". This was a group show composed of artworks that were submitted for the annual state-sponsored exhibition the Salon, but were rejected by the jury.The official Salon was a prestigious art exhibition held by the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris. After many artists were rejected from the Salon, they protested and this reached French Emperor Napoleon III. The Emporer ordered that the rejected pieces should be displayed at a separate show nearby. The Emporer's office issued the following statement:"Numerous complaints have come to the Emperor on the subject of the works of art which were refused by the jury of the Exposition. His Majesty, wishing to let the public judge the legitimacy of these complaints, has decided that the works of art which were refused should be displayed in another part of the Palace of Industry." (Published in Le Moniteur on 24 April 1863)The exhibition attracted numerous visitors, art critics and public alike, but the artworks were mostly ridiculed. In a rather harsh review by art critic Louis Leroy, he mockingly referred to the movement as impressionist, the name coined after the title of Monet’s painting Impression, Sunrise. Little did he know that the word he used as an insult would mark the whole art movement.